Developmental Tasks and Challenges of Adulthood

A developmental task is a duty to be executed or attained all through a certain period in an individual’s life. It’s made up of certain types of behavior and  competences that are attained as the individual acquires augmented proficiency over the  setting. Most of these developmental tasks are correlated to  the person’s culture. Middle and late adulthood are  the developmental phases in the ages 40s-50s and 60s & over respectively. These two developmental phases are prone several changes and challenges. The most vital challenge in these two late phases is to develop a real concern for the future wellbeing.
Physical Changes and Challenges of Adulthood
As people pass through middle and late adulthood, various physical challenges and changes occur in the body. Every individual in adulthood experiences physical changes associated with age based on several factors: genetic factors for instance, cellular changes, and the controllable factors like inadequate balanced diet and regular exercises.
All through middle-adulthood, the maturity process turns out to be more evident. Roughly in 60s, the eyeballs became incapable to adjust and focus to distant entities, acknowledged as presbyopia (Schulz & Salthouse, 1999). Most of the individuals in the middle adulthood will call for some sort of optical corrective lenses for eyesight shortfalls. This group is as well facing a severe threat for glaucoma complications. The effeciancy of the earshot is as well reduced due to severe decline in hearing: 14{b347ee882963fc078925bef44838eb079b614d3dde11dc0714b595823c2ade58} of individuals in the middle adulthood between ages 45 and 64 have been reported to have hearing loss (Center for Hearing and Communication, 2016). The body outer skin membrane also carries on drying and is defenseless to more creasing. The women’s fertility declines as they draw near the menopause which usually occurs around the age of fifty (Sievert, 2006).
The late adulthood is the closing stage of physical changes. Extremely weighty harmful aging challenges begins to have an effect on an individual’s body. In this phase, the middle adulthood wrinkles turns out to be more evident and one might initiate developing brown age spots. The individuals’ response time start to sluggish. The major aduthood physical growth changes more apparent in this phase including decrease in bone- mass and cognitive functions losses (Rooij, Susanne, Wouters, Yonker, Painter, & Roseboom., 2010). Further physical challenges for instance malnutrition may also arise as a result of the body’s incapability to soak up nutrients.
Socio-Emotional Changes in Adulthood
The middle and late adulthoods are influenced with a variety of Socio-Emotional challenges like work. There exists a variety of hypotheses concerning the socio-emotional aging features. Certain features of well and proper aging comprise of the position and function of the individual’s society, social conectedness, and activities (Berkman, Glass, Brissette, & Seeman, 2000). Many theories and studies have clarified how each and every individual needs to have and carry on to discover the sense all through their life spans (OpenStax , 2014). In these phases, the sense is frequently discovered through interpersonal relationships and work.

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